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One of the big giveaways that you’re reading a script off a teleprompter is teleprompter eye movement. That’s where you move your eyes from side to side while reading the text.
When reading from a teleprompter eye movement can reveal that you are reading a script. To minimize eye movement, move further back from the teleprompter to reduce the angular width of the teleprompter screen. In a small room, the same effect can be achieved by using a smaller teleprompter such as the Parrot 2 Padcaster or Desview-T2 teleprompter.
From the viewer’s perspective, they will see your eyes scanning back-and-fore. Although a small movement, it will become distracting for the viewer as well as spoiling the effect of you making a seamless delivery to the camera.
To understand why changing the distance to the teleprompter can make it look like you’re reading from a teleprompter without moving your eyes we need to consider a little trigonometry.
Don’t panic! It’s easy and there are no calculations to work out.
Understanding why more distance reduces teleprompter eye movement
To understand why moving further back from the teleprompter helps to reduce your eye movement, think about what’s happening when you’re reading a line of text off a teleprompter.
Your eyes start at the left side and move across to the right of the line of text. By the time you have completed the left to right eye movement the text will have scrolled up the screen a little and you repeat the teleprompter eye movement over and over, giving the appearance of your eyes scanning back and fore.
Now, that eye movement forms an angle between the left of the line of text, your eye, and the end of the line. If the line of text is quite large, the angle through which the eye must move will also be large and noticeable to the viewer.
But if the line of text can be made to look shorter, the angular movement of the eye will also be smaller or non-existent. In which case the viewer will not notice any eye movement at all.
How to make the eye movement smaller
So how can you make the horizontal line of text smaller to make the angular movement of the eye smaller?
Let me explain using an example of two identical twins whose outstretched arms represent a line of text on the teleprompter.
Being identical twins the distance across their outstretched arms is the same. But Twin A, the one on the left, is at a distance of 5ft from your eye, while Twin B, the one on the right, is at a distance of 20ft from your eye.
Despite both twins being the same size, the apparent length of their outstretched arms is different. The distance across Twin B’s outstretched arms is much less than that for Twin A. Consequently, the angle at the eye is also much smaller.
Now imagine each twin is holding a line of text from your script, stretched between their left finger tips and their right finger tips. In other words, a line of text on the teleprompter’s screen.
If you try reading the text held up by Twin A, if your eye is to take in all the text it will need to move to look from left to right. That’s because the angle is noticeably large.
But if you try reading the text held up by Twin B, your eye will probably be able to take in the whole line of text with little or no movement. That’s because the angle at the eye is quite small.
So, by moving further back from the teleprompter you will hardly need to move your eyes to take in the whole of the line of text. Therefore, you can read from the teleprompter without moving your eyes.
Moving back from the teleprompter is a good solution, but what if the size of the room prevents you from moving further back? Well, there is another way you can make the angular width of the line of text appear smaller. You can get a smaller teleprompter.
Using a smaller teleprompter, like the Desview T2 that attaches to the lens of a DSLR, will appear to be the same size as a physically larger teleprompter that has been moved further away.
That deals with side-to-side eye movement but it’s possible that your eyes also scan up and down the teleprompter. To improve the effect of little or no eye movement you also need to reduce any vertical eye movement.
This is not that difficult but does take a little practice.
The way to do it is to focus your gaze about a third down from the top of the teleprompter. Now let the text scroll up into this area of focus where you can read it. This way you don’t need to move your gaze around the teleprompter beam-splitter mirror to find the text, it will come to you.
In summary, the way to read a teleprompter without moving your eyes is to move back from the teleprompter until there is no noticeable eye movement. Alternatively, if your studio space is limited, use a smaller design of teleprompter.
Tosh Lubek runs an audio and video production business in the UK and has been using the Canon EOS R since it was released in the Autumn of 2018. He has used the camera to shoot TV commercials for Sky TV, promotional business videos, videos of events and functions, and YouTube creator content. He has also won international awards for his advertising and promotional work. You can meet him by visiting his “video booth” at HashTag business events across the country.
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